Slipped disc and disc bulge

Female having back pain in bed
Getty Images under licence to PhysioQinetics Ltd.


What is a slipped disc / disc bulge?

In between each of the vertebrae in your lumbar spine, there is a shock absorbing “pad,” this is called an intervertebral disc. The purpose of these discs is to protect the spine from daily activities, like walking, running, jumping, etc by helping to absorb shock. Each disc has two parts: a soft, gel-like inner ring, and an outer ring. When your outer ring is injured or weak, it may allow the inner ring protrude out. This is commonly known as a herniated or slipped disc.

Common causes for a slipped or herniated disc are age, being overweight, weak muscles, and a sedentary lifestyle. You may be at increased risk of a herniated disc if you often turn or twist your back while lifting objects or repetitive heavy lifting. It can occur in your lumbar lower back, upper and mid-back, or your neck

You can read our blog post about our back and human evolution here.


Lady getting out of bed with neck pain
Getty Images under licence to PhysioQinetics Ltd.


Treatment for a slipped disc

Physiotherapy treatment for disc prolapses aims to reduce pain, stiffness and muscle spasm, as well as sciatic leg pain (if disc herniation occurs in the lower back). Once your disc prolapse symptoms have been reduced, our physiotherapists will help to improve your muscle strength and flexibility.

We will develop an individually tailored exercise programme, which will help relieve pain, keep you strong, flexible and help prevent any future problems in your spine.


Our Physiotherapy treatment for disc prolapse may include:


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